Consolidation

The financial statements of the consolidated companies were prepared using uniform accounting policies and valuation principles.

If the fiscal year of a consolidated company does not end on December 31, interim financial statements are prepared for the purpose of consolidation.

Intra-Group profits, losses, sales, income, expenses, receivables and payables are eliminated.

Scope of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements of the LANXESS Group include LANXESS AG and all subsidiaries under the direct or indirect control of LANXESS AG. Control exists if LANXESS AG holds more than half of the voting rights in a company or is otherwise able to govern the company’s financial and operating policies in order to obtain benefits from its activities. Special purpose entities in which control is exercised from an economic viewpoint are also included in the consolidated financial statements. A company is consolidated as of the date from which LANXESS AG is able to exercise control (acquisition date) and deconsolidated when this is no longer the case.

Investments in entities in which the LANXESS Group exerts a significant influence, generally through an ownership interest between 20% and 50%, are accounted for using the equity method.

Entities that are in aggregate immaterial to the Group’s financial position and and results of operations are not consolidated, but are included in the consolidated financial statements at cost of acquisition.

Changes in the scope of consolidation are stated in the section headed “Companies consolidated,” which also contains a list of companies.

Fully consolidated companies

Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method. The cost of a business combination is stated as the aggregate of the fair values, at the date of acquisition, of the assets transferred, liabilities incurred or assumed, and any equity instruments issued in exchange for control of the acquiree. It also contains the fair value of assets and liabilities resulting from contingent consideration contracts.

For the first-time consolidation, the assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities identified in the course of the acquisition are measured at fair value as of the acquisition date.

For each business combination, there is an option to include any shares not acquired either at their fair value or at the pro-rata share of the fair value of the acquiree’s net assets. They are reported in the statement of financial position as equity attributable to non-controlling interests.

Acquisition-related costs – except those incurred to issue debt or equity securities – are recognized in profit or loss.

Goodwill is measured as of the acquisition date as the excess of the consideration transferred, the amount of any non-controlling interests and the fair value of any previously held equity interest over the fair value of the net assets acquired. Negative goodwill is immediately recognized in profit or loss after the purchase price allocation has been re-examined.

Investments accounted for using the equity method

The cost of acquisition of an entity accounted for using the equity method (associate) is adjusted annually by the percentage of any change in its equity corresponding to LANXESS’s percentage interest in the entity. If any decline in value exceeds the carrying amount of the entity, write-downs are recognized on the associated non-current assets. If the carrying amount of the entity and the associated assets are reduced to zero, liabilities would be recognized if the owner has entered into a legal or substantive obligation, e.g. to offset pro-rata losses, or has made payments for the entity.

Differences arising from the first-time accounting for investments using the equity method are determined according to the same principles as for consolidated subsidiaries. Any goodwill is included in the carrying amount of the associate.

Joint ventures

The joint venture DuBay Polymer GmbH, Hamm, Germany, was included in the consolidated financial statements by proportionate consolidation.